1. “Charting the Genotype-Phenotype Map: Lessons From Drosophila”

Jueves 09. 11:20 – 12:45.

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Trudy F.C. MackayWilliam Neal Reynolds Distinguished Professor of Biological Sciences. Coautora del libro “Introduction to quantitative genetics” junto a Douglas Falconer en 1996

Department of Biological Sciences, North Carolina State University.

“My general research goal is to understand the genetic and environmental factors affecting variation in quantitative (or complex) traits. This is necessary for risk modification of multifactorial human diseases, in theory for a more comprehensive view of the genetic processes underlying phenotypic evolution and in practice for improving production traits in domestic species”


2. “Population genomics of wild Chinese rhesus macaques reveals dynamic demographic histories and local adaptation”

Jueves 09. 15:15 – 16:15.

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Pablo Orozco-terWengel

Lecturer. School of Biosciences. Cardiff University.

“I have always been amazed by the diversity of animals and plants. This interest led me to study biology where I learned about population genetics and the possibility of inferring species evolutionary history using molecular markers. My work focuses on using neutral genetic markers (e.g. microsatellites) to understand the interplay between the genealogical history of populations (or species) and their distribution over space and time. However, since the arrival of next generation sequencing I’ve also become interested in using the power of genomics (e.g. whole genome sequencing) to search for genomic regions involved in the process of local adaptation (e.g. adaptation to temperature or diseases). Understanding how adaptation takes place is extremely important in order to develop frameworks that will help us coping with climate change and ensure species survival into the future. My work covers both wild life (e.g. Malagasy amphibians and South American bears) and domestic taxa (e.g. Iranian sheep and Moroccan goats), and uses a combination of laboratory techniques and bioinformatics.​”.


3. “Conferencia Danko Brncic” 2017, Sociedad de Genética de Chile.

Jueves 09. 18:00 – 19:00.

“EVOLUCION DE Homo sapiens: ¿ODISEA O TRAGEDIA?”

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Angel Spotorno Oyarzún

Profesor Titular, Programa de Genética Humana, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile.

Biología evolutiva de mamíferos sudamericanos silvestres y domésticos.  Ha sido miembro y Presidente del Consejo Superior de Ciencias FONDECYT-CONICYT, que es la mayor institución de financiamiento de Proyectos de Investigación Científica en el país. Fue Coordinador del grupo de Biología en el Programa de Formación Avanzada de CONICYT, Becas Chile. Actualmente es Presidente de la Iniciativa DARWINenCHILE


4. “Computational approaches to biodiversity informatics”

Viernes 10. 10:20 – 11:20.

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Keith A. Crandall.  Professor of Biology, Director of GW’s Computational Biology Institute. The George Washington University. Dr. Crandall. Experto en bioinformática, filogenética y evolución molecular, entre otras áreas. Autor del software Modeltest.

“My research program has three main aspects. The first and central component is work on the development and testing through computer simulation of methods for the analysis of DNA sequence data. We have developed methods for estimating gene genealogies, detecting recombination, detecting selection, and measuring genetic diversity and demographic events in the history of a population. We develop software to implement many of these methods and then develop software to test our methods and many others by comparison through computer simulation”.


5. Characterization of HIV diversity, phylodynamics and drug resistance in USA.

Viernes 10. 15:15 – 16:15.

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Marcos Pérez-Losada

Assistant Research Professor, Computational Biology Institute. The George Washington University.

“My research focuses mainly on evolutionary questions related to invertebrate biodiversity, dynamics of human infectious diseases and host-microbe interactions. I am also interested in comparing methods of phylogenetic and population genetic analysis and data types to study evolutionary processes at both the species and population levels. My interest in invertebrate biodiversity centers around mollusks, crustaceans and earthworms, and encompasses the study of their taxonomic and morphological diversity, systematics, phylogeography and conservation. My research on human infectious diseases focuses on gonorrhea and HIV and explores the evolutionary and epidemiological factors driving the dynamics of human infectious diseases (phylodynamics). Recently, I have become interested in studying the evolutionary and ecological interactions between earthworms and their associated microbial fauna and the impact worms have on the structure and function of soil microbes”.


6. Variations in 3-dimensional genome organization between individuals

Viernes 10. 18:00 – 19:00.

David Gorkin

David Gorkin.

Associate Director of Epigenomics, UC San Diego, School of Medicine.

“Dr. Gorkin heads the Center’s epigenomics platform. His research as a postdoctoral fellow in Bing Ren’s laboratory focused on the roles of histone modifications and 3D genome organization in mammalian gene regulation. This work was supported by fellowships from the an A.P. Giannini Foundation and the NIH Institutional Research and Academic Career Development Award (IRACDA) program. Dr. Gorkin was also project manager for the San Diego ENCODE center headed by Dr. Ren, and remains an active contributor to the ENCODE, 4D Nucleome, and 1000 genomes consortia. Dr. Gorkin received his Ph.D. in Human Genetics from The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, where his work in Andrew McCallion’s laboratory focused on gene regulation in melanocyte biology and human pigmentation”.


7. A veinte años de la Declaración Universal sobre el Genoma Humano y los Derechos Humanos, cuál es el estado de nuestra legislación y cuáles son nuestros retos?

Viernes 11. 9:00 – 10:00.

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Juan Alberto Lecaros

Director del Observatorio de Bioética & Derecho de la Universidad del Desarrollo.

Abogado, U. de Chile. Bachiller en Filosofía, P. U. Gregoriana de Roma, Italia. Magíster en Bioética, Instituto Borja de Bioética, U. Ramón Llull, España. Doctor en Filosofía, U. Complutense de Madrid, España. Líneas de investigación: Bioética, Bioderecho, ética medioambiental. Director del Observatorio de Bioética & Derecho de la Universidad del Desarrollo. Docente e investigador del Centro de Bioética de la Facultad de Medicina Clínica Alemana Universidad del Desarrollo. Premio “Manuel Velasco Suárez” a la Excelencia en Salud Pública Iberoamericana 2012.


8. “Genetics of brain development and holoprosencephaly” 

Sábado 11. 10:20 – 11:20.

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Max Muenke

Chief and Senior Investigator, Medical Genetics Branch, NIH. Dr. Muenke ha identificado genes de holoproscencefalia. Por ejemplo, el conocido sonic hedgehog SSH.

“Dr. Muenke’s research program seeks to improve knowledge about the formation of the central nervous system and to elucidate the origin of developmental disabilities and mental retardation. Specifically, his laboratory investigates birth defects that affect normal embryonic development and lead to neurological impairment. His two major areas of focus involve holoprosencephaly (HPE) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. HPE, a common brain birth defect that occurs in one in 250 embryos, is characterized by the failure of the embryonic brain to divide properly into left and right hemispheres during early development. It frequently results in fetal demise; consequently, the live birth rate is low — approximately one in 10,000. Children born with the disorder show various degrees of developmental disabilities and mental retardation”.


9. “Nuestra biodiversidad oculta y su geografía: una visión filogeográfica de la fauna nativa en Chile”

Viernes 11. 16:35 – 18:00

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Pedro Francisco Victoriano Sepúlveda.

Doctor en Ciencias Biológicas mención Zoología, Profesor Asociado del Departamento de Zoología de la Universidad de Concepción en Chile. Ex Presidente y socio fundador de la Sociedad Chilena de Evolución.

¨Mi interés es indagar acerca de los patrones espaciales de biodiversidad intraespecífica de fauna en Chile y los procesos evolutivos que dan cuenta de tales patrones. Baso lo anterior en evidencia molecular, paleoclimática, ecológica y geográfica, con el fin de inferir los mecanismos que explican tales arreglos geográficos. También mi interés es extender el conocimiento de patrones y procesos microevolutivos al ámbito de la conservación biológica a escala genética, basada en las relaciones de parentesco evolutivo¨.


 

 

 

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